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ARCHITECTS AND INTERIOR DESIGNERS

TAX DEDUCTIONS

SELF EDUCATION

OVERNIGHT TRAVEL EXPENSES WITH NO TRAVEL ALLOWANCE PAID

CONDITIONS

1.  You must be away from your ordinary residence. You must sleep away from your home.

2. You must not stay in one town for more than 21 consecutive days (Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW case; MT 2030).

3. You must have a description of what you did and how it related to your work (the more technical the better).

4. You must keep a diary and written evidence. Try photographing these with your mobile.

5. You must apportion your expenses for days that did not include self education.

PLEASE SUMMARIZE THE FOLLOWING:

Air fares

Taxis or car hire

Accommodation

Meals

Water

Alcohol - e.g. wine & beer

Snacks

Toiletries

Reading materials - e.g. newspapers, magazines, books, etc.

Movies - e.g. DVDs, in-house, cinema, etc.

 

ARCHITECTS

Most countries and cities around the world will have signifiance architectural importance from the moment you step out your door so most of your travel expenses will be tax deductible as self education. You may need to apportion your trip for days that do not relate to your work. Please keep detailed technical diary notes (the more technical the better) of what you have experienced and take photos.

INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR DESIGNERS

Most countries and cities around the world will have signifiance design importance from the moment you step out your door so most of your travel expenses will be tax deductible as self education. You may need to apportion your trip for days that do not relate to your work. Please keep detailed technical diary notes (the more technical the better) of what you have experienced and take photos.

 

You may also claim the following:

HOME OFFICE

Method 1

You may claim home office electricity based on floor area e.g. 5%. x $400 (electricity bill per quarter) x 4 = $80. This area must be for the sole purpose of home office. It cannot be for multi-use e.g. dining room table.

Furniture, desks, fax machines, filing cabinets, book shelves, pictures, carpets, blinds, etc may be depreciated at usually 20%.

Depreciable Items < $300 may be 100% depreciated.

E.g. desk $250 x 100%, chair $120 x 100%, carpet $1,000 x 20%, blinds $600 x 20% = $690

Method 2

You may use the ATO 45c per hour rate to claim electricity, gas and depreciation of furniture. You must keep a 4 week diary.

E.g. 45c x 20 hours per week x 52 weeks = $468

 

WORK EXPENSES

iPhone, mobiles & home phone

Computers - iPads, Macs, laptops & desktops

Computer supplies

Stationery - Cartridges, diaries, pens & office sundry

Internet

Self education, conferences and courses.

 

PRIVATE USE APPORTIONMENT

If there is private use (other than incidental use) a 28 day diary is required each financial year or where the work % changes by more than 10%.

A diary can be a simple A4 pad with a line in the middle with work & private on opposite sides.

 

RECORDS

You may claim $200 worth of items costing < $10 without receipts.

 

PLACE OF BUSINESS AT HOME

You may claim a percentage of rent, interest, home depreciation, rates, water, insurance, repairs, cleaning, pest control, gardening, etc. based on floor area.

This would apply to the following:

A small business operator whose main office is in their home.

A tradesperson who has their workshop at home.

A doctor or dentist who has their surgery or consulting room at home.

 

CAPITAL GAINS TAX IMPLICATIONS

You will lose a proportion (based on floor area and time operating at home) of your capital gains tax main residence exemption due to your income producing activity.

 

SUN PROTECTION AND SUN GLASSES

Includes sun glasses, sun screens and hats.

You do not need receipts for up to $200 of items that cost less than $10. The $200 is a total for the whole tax return.

 

TOLLS & PARKING

You do not need receipts for up to $200 of items that cost less than $10. The $200 is a total for the whole tax return.

 

COURSES

Courses include fees (but not HECS), books, laptops, internet, stationery, home office expenses, some travel to a place of education.

You do not need receipts for up to $200 of items that cost less than $10. The $200 is a total for the whole tax return.

The course must relate to your current income producing activity, not income that will be made in the future. e.g. Medical School expenses are not a tax deduction for a doctors income in the future.

If your course is run by a university, TAFE or college you must reduce your expenses by the first $250.

 

SECURITY/CRIMINAL CHECKS ATO TR 98/6 PARA 177

Security checks are usually not deductible as the expense happens at a point too soon before the income is earned.

Renewal of criminal checks may be deductible as you are currently earning income e. g school teacher's blue cards.

The ATO allows the preparation of resumes and travel to attend an interview as a tax deduction against Centrelink income.

 

ATO Practice Statement LA 2005/7

In some circumstances BPAY and internet banking statements may include sufficient details to support the correctness of your claims. Suppliers may not issue a receipt containing all the information required by the substantiation legislation. However you may use a combination of other documents to support your claims.

In some cases if a credit card statement has the date of the transaction, the name of the supplier and the amount paid and you make a note on the credit card statement detailing the items purchased with their respective prices, the Tax Office may accept this as sufficient evidence. See examples below.

The above does not apply for EFTPOS transactions because bank statements do not show cash withdrawals separately.

Practice Statement LA 2005/7

Example 2 - use of a bank or credit card statement combined with other evidence

22. Kylie, having just started her first full time job as a clerical worker, purchased a pen for use at work costing $50 from a jeweller's shop. She also bought a pair of earrings for $100 and paid for both items on her credit card. Having never completed a tax return before, she was not aware that the pen would be a deductible expense. She did not request or receive a receipt.

23. When it was time to prepare her return, Kylie realised that she could claim her pen as a work expense. She had also incurred union fees of $478, which were recorded on her payment summary.

24. Kylie checked her credit card statement and found that it showed an amount of $150 and the name of the jeweller's shop. Initially, she decided it would be safest not to claim for the pen because she had no specific receipt and she was not sure of the exact amount. However, she had kept the box the pen had been packaged in, and upon checking the box for further information noted the $50 price sticker on the outside. Before lodging her income tax return, Kylie made a note on the credit card statement detailing the two items and their respective prices and kept the pen packaging along with her bank statement.

25. By keeping the pen packaging and the credit card statement including her notation, Kylie has ensured she has sufficient information to substantiate her expense. The ATO will accept the combination of the pen packaging and the credit card statement as sufficient evidence to substantiate her claim.

26. Had Kylie not kept the box that her pen came in with the price sticker on it, but was able to obtain from the jewellery store a written breakdown of how much she spent on each of the items, she would also have been able to make a note on her credit card statement detailing the two items and their respective prices, and would have had sufficient evidence to substantiate her claim. The ATO would accept the combination of the credit card statement containing Kylie's notation and the written price breakdown from the jewellery store as sufficient substantiation.

 

 


DISCLAIMER
The information provided in the above documents is not intended to be, nor should it be construed as tax advice. Any specific recommendation for a client can only be done after their individual circumstances have been determined by David Douglas Accountants.

We have clients from the following locations:

Brisbane, Gold Coast, Sydney, Newcastle, Cairns, Canberra, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth, Darwin.

Other:

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We do tax returns for individuals, trusts, companies, partnerships, contractors, ABNs and sole traders.

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